1927-present: Wikipedia

Recognizes excellence in the writing of a screenplay adapted from another source (usually a novel, play, short story, or TV show but sometimes another film)

YearMovieScreenwritersAdapted From
2021CODASian HederThe film: La Famille Bélier by Victoria Bedos, Thomas Bidegain, Stanislas Carré de Malberg & Éric Lartigau
2020The FatherChristopher Hampton and Florian ZellerThe play: Le Père by Zeller
2019Jojo RabbitTaika WaititiThe novel Caging Skies by Christine Leunens
2018BlacKkKlansmanSpike Lee, David Rabinowitz, Charlie Wachtel, and Kevin WillmottThe memoir Black Klansman by Ron Stallworth
2017Call Me By Your NameJames IvoryThe novel: Call Me by Your Name by André Aciman
2016MoonlightBarry Jenkins and Tarell Alvin McCraneyThe play: In Moonlight Black Boys Look Blue by Tarell Alvin McCraney
2015The Big ShortAdam McKay and Charles RandolphThe book: The Big Short by Michael Lewis
2014The Imitation GameGraham MooreThe book: Alan Turing: The Enigma by Andrew Hodges
201312 Years a SlaveJohn RidleyThe memoir: 12 Years a Slave by Solomon Northup
2012ArgoChris TerrioThe book: The Master of Disguise by Antonio J. Mendez
The article: “The Great Escape” by Joshuah Bearman
2011The DescendantsAlexander Payne, Nat Faxon, and Jim RashThe novel: The Descendants by Kaui Hart Hemmings
2010The Social NetworkAaron SorkinThe book: The Accidental Billionaires by Ben Mezrich
2009PreciousGeoffrey FletcherThe novel: Push by Sapphire
2008Slumdog MillionaireSimon BeaufoyThe novel: Q & A by Vikas Swarup
2007No Country for Old MenJoel Coen and Ethan CoenThe novel: No Country for Old Men by Cormac McCarthy
2006The DepartedWilliam MonahanThe film: Infernal Affairs by Alan Mak and Felix Chong
2005Brokeback MountainLarry McMurtry and Diana OssanaThe short story: “Brokeback Mountain” by Annie Proulx
2004SidewaysAlexander Payne and Jim TaylorThe novel: Sideways by Rex Pickett
2003The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the KingFran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter JacksonThe novel: The Return of the King by J. R. R. Tolkien
2002The PianistRonald HarwoodThe book: The Pianist by Władysław Szpilman
2001A Beautiful MindAkiva GoldsmanThe book: A Beautiful Mind by Sylvia Nasar
2000TrafficStephen GaghanThe teleplay: Traffik, written by Simon Moore
1999The Cider House RulesJohn IrvingThe novel: The Cider House Rules by John Irving
1998Gods and MonstersBill CondonThe novel: Father of Frankenstein by Christopher Bram
1997L.A. ConfidentialCurtis Hanson and Brian HelgelandThe novel: L.A. Confidential by James Ellroy
1996Sling BladeBilly Bob ThorntonThe short film: Some Folks Call It a Sling Blade by Billy Bob Thornton
1995Sense and SensibilityEmma ThompsonThe novel: Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen
1994Forrest GumpEric RothThe novel: Forrest Gump by Winston Groom
1993Schindler’s ListSteven ZaillianThe novel: Schindler’s Ark by Thomas Keneally
1992Howards EndRuth Prawer JhabvalaThe novel: Howards End by E.M. Forster
1991The Silence of the LambsTed TallyThe novel: The Silence of the Lambs by Thomas Harris
1990Dances with WolvesMichael BlakeThe novel: Dances with Wolves by Michael Blake
1989Driving Miss DaisyAlfred UhryThe play: Driving Miss Daisy by Alfred Uhry
1988Dangerous LiaisonsChristopher HamptonThe play: Les Liaisons Dangereuses by Christopher Hampton from the novel of the same name by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos
1987The Last EmperorBernardo Bertolucci and Mark PeploeThe autobiography: From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi by Henry Pu Yi
1986A Room with a ViewRuth Prawer JhabvalaThe novel: A Room with a View by E.M. Forster
1985Out of AfricaKurt LuedtkeThe memoir: Out of Africa by Isak Dinesen
The book: Silence Will Speak by Errol Trzebinski
The book: Isak Dinesen: The Life of a Storyteller by Judith Thurman
1984AmadeusPeter ShafferThe play: Amadeus by Peter Shaffer
1983Terms of EndearmentJames L. BrooksThe novel: Terms of Endearment by Larry McMurtry
1982MissingCosta-Gavras and Donald E. StewartThe book: The Execution of Charles Horman: An American Sacrifice by Thomas Hauser
1981On Golden PondErnest ThompsonThe play: On Golden Pond by Ernest Thompson
1980Ordinary PeopleAlvin SargentThe novel: Ordinary People by Judith Guest
1979Kramer vs. KramerRobert BentonThe novel: Kramer vs. Kramer by Avery Corman
1978Midnight ExpressOliver StoneThe book: Midnight Express by Billy Hayes and William Hoffer
1977JuliaAlvin SargentThe novel: Pentimento by Lillian Hellman
1976All the President’s MenWilliam GoldmanThe book: All the President’s Men by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward
1975One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s NestBo Goldman and Laurence HaubenThe novel: One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest by Ken Kesey
1974The Godfather Part IIFrancis Ford Coppola and Mario PuzoThe novel: The Godfather by Mario Puzo
1973The ExorcistWilliam Peter BlattyThe novel: The Exorcist by William Peter Blatty
1972The GodfatherMario Puzo and Francis Ford CoppolaThe novel: The Godfather by Mario Puzo
1971The French ConnectionErnest TidymanThe book: The French Connection: A True Account of Cops, Narcotics, and International Conspiracy by Robin Moore
1970MASHRing Lardner, Jr.The novel: MASH: A Novel about Three Army Doctors by Richard Hooker
1969Midnight CowboyWaldo SaltThe novel: Midnight Cowboy by James Leo Herlihy
1968The Lion in WinterJames GoldmanThe play: The Lion in Winter by James Goldman
1967In the Heat of the NightStirling SilliphantThe novel: In the Heat of the Night by John Ball
1966A Man for All SeasonsRobert BoltThe play: A Man for All Seasons by Robert Bolt
1965Doctor ZhivagoRobert BoltThe novel: Doctor Zhivago by Boris Pasternak
1964BecketEdward AnhaltThe play: Becket by Jean Anouilh
1963Tom JonesJohn OsborneThe novel: The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling by Henry Fielding
1962To Kill a MockingbirdHorton FooteThe novel: To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
1961Judgment at NurembergAbby MannThe teleplay: Judgment at Nuremberg by Abby Mann
1960Elmer GantryRichard BrooksThe novel: Elmer Gantry by Sinclair Lewis
1959Room at the TopNeil PatersonThe novel: Room at the Top by John Braine
1958GigiAlan Jay LernerThe novella: Gigi by Colette
1957The Bridge on the River KwaiPierre Boulle, Carl Foreman, and Michael WilsonThe novel: The Bridge over the River Kwai by Pierre Boulle
1956Around the World in 80 DaysJohn Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James PoeThe novel: Around the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne
1955MartyPaddy ChayefskyThe teleplay: Marty by Paddy Chayefsky
1954The Country GirlGeorge SeatonThe play: The Country Girl by Clifford Odets
1953From Here to EternityDaniel TaradashThe novel: From Here to Eternity by James Jones
1952The Bad and the BeautifulCharles SchneeThe story: Tribute to a Badman by Charles Bradshaw
1951A Place in the SunHarry Brown and Michael WilsonThe novel: An American Tragedy by Theodore Dreiser
The play: An American Tragedy by Patrick Kearney
1950All About EveJoseph L. MankiewiczThe short story: The Wisdom of Eve by Mary Orr
1949A Letter to Three WivesJoseph L. MankiewiczThe novel: Letter to Five Wives by John Klempner
1948The Treasure of the Sierra MadreJohn HustonThe novel: The Treasure of the Sierra Madre by B. Traven
1947Miracle on 34th StreetGeorge SeatonThe story: Miracle on 34th Street by Valentine Davies
1946The Best Years of Our LivesRobert SherwoodThe novel: Glory for Me by MacKinlay Kantor
1945The Lost WeekendCharles Brackett and Billy WilderThe novel: The Lost Weekend by Charles R. Jackson
1944Going My WayFrank Butler and Frank CavettThe story: Going My Way by Leo McCarey
1943CasablancaPhilip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard KochThe play: Everybody Comes to Rick’s by Murray Burnett and Joan Alison
1942Mrs. MiniverGeorge Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur WimperisThe character: Mrs. Miniver, from the newspaper columns by Jan Struther
1941Here Comes Mr. JordanSidney Buchman and Seton I. MillerThe play: Heaven Can Wait by Harry Segall
1940The Philadelphia StoryDonald Ogden StewartThe play: The Philadelphia Story by Philip Barry
1939Gone with the WindSidney HowardThe novel: Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
1938PygmalionIan Dalrymple, Cecil Lewis, W.P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard ShawThe play: Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw
1937The Life of Emile ZolaHeinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly RaineThe book: Zola and His Time by Matthew Josephson 
1936The Story of Louis PasteurPierre Collings and Sheridan Gibney(original)
1935The InformerDudley Nichols (declined)The novel: The Informer by Liam O’Flaherty
1934It Happened One NightRobert RiskinThe story: Night Bus by Samuel Hopkins Adams
1932/33Little WomenVictor Heerman and Sarah Y. MasonThe novel: Little Women by Louisa May Alcott
1931/32Bad GirlEdwin J. BurkeThe novel and play: Bad Girl by Viña Delmar
1930/31CimarronHoward EstabrookThe novel: Cimarron by Edna Ferber
1929/30The Big HouseFrances Marion(original)
1928/29The PatriotHanns KrälyAshley Dukes’ translation of the play: Der Patriot by Alfred Neumann
The story: Paul I by Dmitry Merezhkovsky
1927/287th HeavenBenjamin GlazerThe play: Seventh Heaven by Austin Strong